The PCR Blog

Helpful news, tips and business advice for small to medium business owners about how to maximise profit, minimise waste and grow and protect your business.

What is EBITDA Value and Why Does it Matter?

When it comes to understanding the financial health of your business, one metric stands out: EBITDA. This term might sound complex, but it’s a vital tool for business owners and their stakeholders. At PCR Accounting & Advisory, we’re here to help you understand EBITDA, its importance, and how it’s used to evaluate a company’s performance.

EBITDA Meaning

EBITDA stands for Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortisation. Essentially, it’s a measure of a company’s overall financial performance. By focusing on the core operations of the business, EBITDA strips out costs that might obscure how well the business itself is performing.

What is the EBITDA Formula?

EBITDA is calculated using the following formula:

EBITDA = Net Income + Interest + Taxes + Depreciation + Amortisation

This formula helps to present a clearer picture of a company’s operational profitability, removing factors that might vary widely between companies due to financing and accounting decisions.

Why Does EBITDA Valuation Matter?

Understanding EBITDA valuation is crucial for several reasons:

1. Focus on Core Operations

EBITDA provides insight into a company’s profitability from its core business operations. By excluding interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortisation, you get a clearer picture of how efficiently the business is operating.

2. Comparison Across Companies

Because it removes the effects of financing and accounting decisions, EBITDA allows for a more apples-to-apples comparison between companies. This is particularly useful for investors comparing companies in the same industry.

3. Indicator of Cash Flow

While not a direct measure of cash flow, EBITDA gives a rough approximation. It helps in understanding how much cash a company is generating from its operations, which is critical for covering expenses, investing in growth, and paying down debt.

How EBITDA Assists in Calculating Company’s Earnings and Performance

EBITDA is a valuable metric for calculating a company’s earnings and assessing its performance. Here’s how it’s used:

1. Performance Measurement

Companies often use EBITDA to assess their performance over time. It’s a way to measure profitability without the distortion of capital expenditures and tax structures. For instance, large companies like Telstra and BHP Billiton use EBITDA as a key performance indicator in their financial reports.

2. Valuation Tool

EBITDA is widely used in business valuations. Investors and analysts use EBITDA multiples to value companies. This involves multiplying the EBITDA by an industry average multiple to estimate the company’s value. This method is commonly used in mergers and acquisitions to assess the value of potential targets.

3. Debt Coverage

Lenders often look at EBITDA when deciding whether to extend credit to a business. A higher EBITDA suggests that the company generates enough earnings to cover its debt payments, which can result in more favourable lending terms.

Example of Large Companies Using EBITDA Value


Telstra frequently reports EBITDA in its financial statements. By focusing on EBITDA, Telstra provides investors with a clear view of its operational profitability, excluding the effects of its substantial capital expenditures in network infrastructure.

BHP Billiton

BHP Billiton, a global mining giant, also uses EBITDA as a key financial metric. This helps the company demonstrate its ability to generate profit from its mining operations, independent of the costs associated with its significant investments in mining equipment and exploration activities.

Why Understanding EBITDA is Essential for Business Owners

As a business owner, understanding EBITDA can provide several benefits:

1. Operational Insight

EBITDA offers a clear view of your business’s operational efficiency. By focusing on earnings before non-operational costs, you can better understand how well your core business activities are performing.

2. Better Decision Making

With a clear understanding of EBITDA, you can make more informed decisions about investment, growth, and cost management. Knowing your EBITDA helps you identify areas where you can improve profitability.

3. Enhanced Credibility

Demonstrating a solid EBITDA can enhance your credibility with investors, lenders, and other stakeholders. It shows that your business is profitable and capable of generating cash from its operations.

Need Help with EBITDA?

Navigating the complexities of financial metrics like EBITDA can be challenging. At PCR Accounting & Advisory, we specialise in helping businesses understand and leverage financial metrics to improve performance and make informed decisions.

For tailored advice and support, contact PCR Accounting & Advisory on 03 9847 7516.


Disclaimer: This blog post is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as financial or legal advice. Consult with a qualified professional for personalised guidance based on your specific circumstances.